Facts about Sierra Leone

Sierra-LeoneSierra Leone derived its name from Portuguese name ‘Serra Leao’, which means “Lion Mountain Range”. Sierra Leone is a young democracy formed in 2007 with Freetown as its Capital city. Sierra Leone borders the Atlantic ocean and has fascinating beaches. The country is bordered by Guinea in the north and east, and Liberia in the south.

Interesting Information: The country has one of the largest gem quality diamonds in the world. The gem quality diamond, “Star of Sierra Leone”, was discovered in 1972 in Koidu, bringing the country to international headlines. Sierra Leone is home to Eunice Barber, one of the world’s topmost female athletes. The country has the world’s largest natural harbour called the Queen Elizabeth II Qua. The country’s police force is among the oldest in West Africa. The police force was established in 1894 by the British.

Land of Diamonds: The country’s rich mineral deposits form the bulk of Sierra Leone’s exports revenue. Mining corporations explore the diamonds and control the mining operations. The bodies practice responsible and sustainable diamond mining with the aim of empowering and elevating the citizens, the economy and the country at large.

Popular Attractions: Sierra Leone boasts of great and enthralling attractions. The country offers fascinating moments for marine wildlife lovers. You get a chance to visit Sherbro Islands that has extensive beautiful beaches exploited for tourism. Moving to the beaches near the Atlantic Ocean, you might think you have finally landed in paradise. The island is a breeding ground for leatherback and green sea turtles. At Sierra Leone, whales such as the African Manatee can be seen offshore.

Climate: Sierra Leone enjoys tropical climate with a rainy season between May to November. The average temperature ranges between 79 degrees Fahrenheit-97 degrees Fahrenheit. Between December and May, the country has a dry season with cool dry harmattan winds blowing from the Sahara.

The wildlife:  Sierra Leone has a diverse wildlife ranging from mammals to birds, fish, amphibians and reptiles. Waters of Sierra Leone have West African Manatees. You enjoy watching diverse species of primates such as monkeys, chimpanzees and bush babies. A visit to the Moa River gives an opportunity to see the endangered pygmy hippopotamuses. The rare and endangered birds species found in Sierra Leone’s tropical forests include the Gola Malimbe and Rufous fishing owl.

The Food: It’s just hard not to love Sierra Leone. The country’s local delicacy is a humble and spicy dish. The country’s foods are deliciously made of rice, leafy greens, ground-nuts, cassava, palm oil, black-eyed beans and chile peppers. Foofoo or fufu is an irresistible meal made with fermented cassava and eaten with various stews.  Fried cassava bread with gravy is peddled by vendors on the roadside. The dry and chewy bread is served with an oily sauce which is an explosion of fishy spicy flavour.

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