Facts about Tanzania

Giraffes_Arusha_TanzaniaTanzania, with the official name of United Republic if Tanzania and formerly known as Tanganyika, is an East African Country whose size is more than twice that of California. The country is the largest among all the East African countries bordering Kenya and Uganda towards the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the DRC on west, and towards the south, Tanzania borders Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia. The country has a coastline that borders the Indian Ocean to the east. The unique and distinct geography makes Tanzania one of the most diverse nations with a wealth of enthralling islands such as Zanzibar, mountains, lakes, waterfalls, rivers and tropical rainforests. Wildlife, Mountains and Vegetation: Did you know that Tanzania has the highest number of wildlife animals per square kilometre? The country is home to 430 species of animals which amount to above 4 million wild animals. The wild elephants roaming on Tanzania’s grasslands are believed to have evolved from sea cows, known as Dugongs, and that lived more than 55 million years ago.The beautiful and fascinating nation has magnificent mountains, lakes and landscapes. The country has set aside a minimum of 25% of the land for wildlife conservation and national parks. The land reserved for wildlife is bigger than both Belgium and Federal Republic of Germany combined. The famous park is Selous Reserve that covers an area of 55,000 sq. km, bigger than Denmark.    Tanzania is home to Mpingo trees, most expensive Blackwood trees in the world. Tanzania’s Mount Kilimanjaro is the tallest in Africa, at 19,341 feet above the sea level. The mountain peak remains snowcapped despite the fact that the mountain is near the equator. International Relations: Tanzania maintains a good relationship with the international community. It’s one of the best allies of the United States of America. In August 2000, the president of America, Bill Clinton visited Tanzania for diplomatic issues between the countries. Additionally, President Barrack Obama visited Tanzania for bilateral meetings in July 2013. Ethnic Diversity: This East African country has more than 120 ethnic groups with Sukuma, Gogo, Haya and Bena being the major ethnic groups. The country practices both Christianity and Islamic religions. The official language is Kiswahili, with English as the other major language used as a medium of instruction in secondary and higher education, in diplomacy and in foreign trade. Despite the huge ethnic diversity, Tanzanians live in harmony and has never experienced any civil animosity. The Three Lakes: Tanzania is a privileged country to be bordered by three greatest lakes of Africa. In the north is Lake Victoria, largest lake in the continent, and the second largest fresh water lake in the world. In the west, Tanzania borders Lake Tanganyika, the deepest lake in the world. Lake Malawi borders the country to the south-west. Evolution Discovery: It’s amazing that the world’s oldest human skull was found in Tanzania’s Olduvai Gorge.

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