Ghana is a West African country where Greenwich Meridian goes through and the equator misses by 380 miles. With Accra as its capital city, Ghana has an area of 238,837 sq. km. The country is bordered by Ivory Coast to the west, Togo to the east, Burkina Faso to the north, and Atlantic Ocean to the south. Ghana is the world’s second largest producer of cocoa beans, after Ivory Coast.
Amazing Facts: Ghanaian Ferdi Ato Aboboe set a world record of 13.6 seconds by running 100 metres backwards. Ghana has one of the largest open air market in West Africa. Located in Kumasi, Kejetia Market stocks everything under the country’s sun. The market provides good treats on Ghanaian local crafts, traditional clothings, beads and sandals, and second hand clothes such as jeans. The market has delicious meat corners and fresh vegetables and fruits. Ghana observes freedom of worship as a constitutional right. Unlike many other countries, there is essentially no conflict between Christians, Muslims and any other minority religions. The schools teach children on the value of respect, love and tolerating other citizens, regardless of their religion. The country is home to Lake Volta, the world’s largest artificial lake by surface area of 3, 275 sq.miles.
Climate: The western Africa country is a tropical country, experiencing hot and dry seasons with a range of rainy season between April and October. The harmattan dry desert wind blows between December and March. The winds lower the humidity and create hot days and cool nights.
Elmina Castle: A fascinating feature in Ghana is the Elmina Castle, one of the oldest European buildings in the sub-Saharan Africa. Elmina Castle was built in 1482 by the Portuguese, and is located on the Atlantic shores. Elmina means gold mines, which comes from the fact that there is plenty of deposits and supply of gold along the Ghana coasts. However, the castle was historically used as the heart of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade, used to store slaves to be ferried to the Americans.
The People and the Culture: Ghana has a diverse culture, with six major ethnic groups totalling to a population of 18 million people. Amazingly, Ghanaians have a surprising elements to their visitors, they completely lack personal boundaries. The citizens get extremely close to each other, hold hands with strangers when talking and engage in constructive conversations. Holding hands in Ghana doesn’t necessarily indicate romantic relationship and extended eye contact might be considered disrespectful. Leisure time is celebrated fully in Ghana with festivals. Panafest and Homowo, making fun of hunger, are the most common festivals in Ghana.
Food: Soup in Ghana is common for any meal. Irresistible groundnut soup and palmut soup are the most common. Common meals in Ghana include delicious fish based meals and Jolof rice. The country has unique sauces and spices. Several restaurants and hotels in the country prepare western equivalents too.
Music: Ghanaian music is focussed on group participation, festivals, and rhythm. The country has different instruments and drums. Dancing is encouraged during playing the music.