Burkina Faso is also known as ” Land of The Honest or The Honourable People.” The landlocked Western Africa nation, formerly known as the Upper Volta, adopted the current name after it gained independence from France in August, 1960. The country’s capital city, Ouagadougou, is one of the oldest cities on earth. It is bordered by six other countries namely Mali, Togo, Benin, Ghana, Niger and Ivory Coast.
Culture and People: With unique wealth of folk music Burkina Faso has a lot to offer from her 63 ethnic groups. The country is African art and culture leader, well, the reason it hosts the continent’s largest art and craft market. Burkina Faso means the “Land of Honest People” or the “Land of Honourable People” and as the name suggests, the country is believed to have the most honest and honourable people in the continent. Burkina Faso has rich cultural values demonstrated by the ethnic groups. The Bobo ethnic group is well known for their attractive butterfly masks with red, black and white stripes used during their fertility ceremonies. Mossi ethnic group have antelope masks painted red or white. Other ethnic groups such as Lobi are well known for their preserved cultures such as preserved dyoro initiation rites, living in extended family set ups, and fully accepting and living with old and people living with disability.
Climate: The climate in Burkina Faso is tropical, characterised by warm and dry winters as well as hot and wet summers. The climate is friendly with rainy season that lasts four months, between May to September.
Minerals: By 2012, the country became the fourth largest gold producer in Africa. Additionally, the country has several other natural resources like limestone deposits, copper, manganese, bauxite, nickel, lead and zinc mined for economic gain.
Where to Visit: The tour to the country located between the African forests of the south and the Sahara Desert is fascinating and somehow challenging for the adventurers. It is very interesting and charming how Burkinabe name their cities. Starting from the capital city Ouagadougou, the country has other best names such as Gorom-Gorom, Bobo-Dioulassa, Bouroum-Bouroum, Fada N’Gourma, Tin-Akof, Rambo and Niangoloko. Lake Tengrela is famous for wildlife in Burkina Faso. The lake is home to hippopotamuses that residents believe are sacred and never attack humans. A visit to the lake is enthralling, taking a ride on pirogues with a local guide, watching hippos and crocodiles. The Fabedougou scene is amazing, with domes made from eroded sandstone layers that had deposited over millions of years. The famous ‘W’ National Park stretches over the rolling plains of the country. The park has beautiful areas covered with savanna grasslands vegetation. The vegetation, ponds and flowing waterways makes a habitable environment for rare species of plants and animals. The country is home to the African wild dogs, gazelles and African elephants, and over 350 bird species and 450 plant species.
Brick Buildings: It’s amazing how a building made of mud bricks in the 1930s is still remnant today. Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Ouagadougou is one of the region’s biggest cathedrals, built from traditional materials. A visit to the cathedral gives you a chance to see beautiful arches, and wood-made pews.
Food: You can’t visit Burkina Faso and fail to enjoy their meals that are served with sauce. Common in their diet include riz sauce, sauce de Poisson, boeuf sauce, aubergine and many more.